Vladimir Ussachevsky (1911-1990) was an American composer known for his experiments with music on a tape recorder, often combined with a live sound.
The son of Russian parents, Ussachevsky, came to the United States in 1931 and then studied at Pomona College in Claremont, California and at the Eastman School of Music at the University of Rochester in New York. In 1951, he began experimenting with composing for tape, and shortly thereafter began working with composer Otto Luening. This fruitful partnership resulted in a series of works using a tape recorder and conventional instruments.
In addition to the pieces written with Luening, Ussachevsky's compositions include Sonic Contours (1952) for tape and instruments, piano concert, as well as orchestral, choral and chamber works. He also wrote music for the film version of Jean-Paul Sartre's play No Exit (1962) and for the television documentary An Incredible Voyage (1968). In 1968 he started working with computer music. In 1947-1980 he taught music at the Columbia University, and in 1959 he co-founded the Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center in New York.